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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2500\margr4149\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2500\margrsxn4149\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li101\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 CHAPTER  IV}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li29\fi0\ri0\sb205\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 LATER VEDIC PERIOD}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li86\fi418\ri0\sb522\sa0\sl-234\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 \\XV have   t"j   expand   upon   the  \i Samhitas  \i0 of the \charscalex87 V.;,v,-r;-;.;'j?,   \i SJ'XJi^Jti,   Atkarvavscla^   \i0 the  \i J$rabmanas, \i0 the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li68\fi0\ri94\sb0\sa0\sl-234\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 .-Jr.; v ;.;/.:/, and the \i Upatisads, \i0 all religious works,\super 1 \nosupersub\expndtw10 -or fr.c later Ver.ic period, \\vhich, roughly speaking, \expndtw3 _\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  -1:1.5. dn'.vr. 10 abtrat 600 B.C. Daring this age the \expndtw11 Ar an civil ir^ticn gradually extended toYs'ards the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li29\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-234\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 c.i-: and tlie south. The north-western parts of India, \expndtw4 the home of the Rigvedic tribes, fade into unimportance, \expndtw5 a:iJ even the customs of those still dwelling there are \expndtw9 viev/cd. \\vir!i disfavour. The centre of culture shifts \i\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95 \i0\expndtw3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 *\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 ) Kuruksetra; and MadhyadeSa, the land of the Yaniu-\expndtw5 r.I .i:id tlic \b Gan^a, \b0 conies into prominence. Kos"ala (Oudh), KasI, 2nd Videha (Xorrh Bihar), rise as great \expndtw9 Aryan centres in the east. Mention is also made of \expndtw3 M-iijaahi (South Bihar) and Anga (South-eastern Bihar), \expndtw7 alrhnu^h these reirions had not yet been Aryanised and}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri61\sb220\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  The \i BrSbnjKzs \i0 are attached to the Vedas. They are theo-\expndtw-1 !-L"ic.ii treatises in prose, explaining in detail the value and efficacy \expndtw-3 of sacrifices. The important \i 'Ershmanas \i0 are the \i Aitareya^ Satapatba,, linear: rfi sa \i0 and \i Gfipstba. \i0 The \i j4ranyakas \i0 are the conducing portions \expndtw0 of the \i Brxb'Sisxjs, \i0 so called because on account of their mystical \expndtw7 character they had to be studied in the seclusion of the forest. \expndtw-2 The extant ones\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  e.g., \i Aifanj^ KsusifakS^ \i0 and the \i "Taittirija \i0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  form \expndtw-7 appendages of the \i J$r\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 brzanas \i0 of the same names. The \i Upanhads \i0 discard \expndtw3 sacrifices. Their theme Is how to obtain \i jnana \i0 and deliverance by \expndtw6 the ah'-orption rf the individual soul in the \\rarld-soui. Besides \expndtw1 nd g^jTM^ there are ten other noted \i Upaaisads, \i0 viz., \i\charscalex92 ',?, "Kauptaks, Katka, SretaSvetara, Isa, Kfisa, Prasaa,}\par }